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Personality as a predisposing factor for DCI: A pilot study
|Title||Personality as a predisposing factor for DCI: A pilot study|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Harding, S, Gee, P|
|Journal||Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine|
This study aimed to identify differences in personality characteristics related to Decompression Illness (DCI) in recreational SCUBA divers. A matched control group of 9 divers (without DCI) and research group of 9 divers (with DCI) were recruited. Following a chamber dive (control group), or post-treatment for DCI (research group), three psychometric scales; Locus of Control (LoC), Sensation Seeking Scale, and Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire – Revised (EPQ-R) were administered together with a Diving History Questionnaire and questions on motoring. One significant difference was identified and lay between engine sizes, with those experiencing DCI having cars with larger engines (p < .01). The data were inconsistent with previous research that suggested a relationship between sensation seeking and risk taking. Further research is needed to elucidate the relationship between diving injury and personality.
|Practical Implications|| |
Personality factors may help identify people predisposed to decompression illness.
|Lay Summary|| |
This study aimed to identify if differences in personality exist between recreational (non-professional) SCUBA divers that suffer decompression illness (DCI) or not. Decompression illness or the ‘bends’ is a condition caused when dissolved gases in the body form bubbles when the body goes from a high pressure (e.g. under the water) to lower pressure (e.g. at the surface) in a short amount of time occurs, it usually is caused by an activity such as SCUBA diving.